The map in this picture of a page from Johnny Cheung’s book depicts the location of the “proto-Pashto” language — at about the time of Greek rule in Bactria, and that of the Mauryan Dynasty. It was far to the northwest of where it is now. (But this language that later gave rise to Pashto in new environs — would not be recognizable today to a Pashto speaker). All this shows that Pashto’s formation began with the arrival in Sistan and Gandhara of the Sakas.




Scholar, Historian, Ethnologist, Philosopher, Activist.

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

My Aunt writes about a hero of mine, and a good friend of my father’s

A Deadly Mix Of Incest And Murder: The Papin Sisters

The Visita General and the South Texas Porciones

Center for Women’s History — Denver, Colorado

The Man-eaters of Tsavo

Olga, Hammer of the Drevlians

Now I’ve written the whole thing, for Christ’s sake give me a drink!—

Historical events from January 11th

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Scholar, Historian, Ethnologist, Philosopher, Activist.

More from Medium

Motherhood: My Choice

Conflict Resolution

The Load of Care

Dealing with overbearing people.