HOW “SAWAD” BECAME “SWAT”

CLOCKWISE — FROM ABOVE: Reference from the Baburnama regarding Sultan Awais (“Wais”) Sawadi (P. 372); reference to “Sultan Wais Sawadi” in the Index of Names of the Baburnama (P. 811); the English translation of the Russian remark about my Y-haplotype by Dr. Vladimir Gurianov, made on the “Molgen” forum; the image of the actual remark by Dr. Gurianov in the original.
LEFT: Sawad (Iraq) as it was under early Islamic rule (6th-12th Centuries). RIGHT: Simplified diagrammatic map of the Sawad area (modern Iraq with several neighbouring regions).
  1. BABURNAMA [English translation], Beveridge, A. (London, 1922).

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Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Scholar, Historian, Ethnologist, Philosopher, Activist.