ON THE SHALMANIS AND THEIR ORIGINS

The entry about Shalmanis in Peshawar Valley area on “khyber.org”. Although typically very poorly written, the traditional and other information provided here is generally correct. Also typical is the crude and thick bias in favour of the “Pashtun” image.
Dr. Gurianov’s comments about my Y-DNA (Q1b) in a discussion on “molgen.ru” (see body of article).
The English translation of Dr. Gurianov’s comments above. (Emphases mine). Dr. Gurianov here thinks in terms of Nestorian Christians — but actually Shalmani migrations to eastern Iran predate Christianity by about 500 years at least — as per our traditions. The Christians whom I resemble were early Persians whose descendants much later on converted to Eastern Christianity; additionally, Assyria (Kurdistan) was one of the Western Persian satrapies. It is now located in Iraq and Syria — so most of the original Assyrian-Persian inhabitants are now “Arabised” in culture and in name.
A double montage of two mountains in the Iranian world, both called “Ilum”: one is in the Zagros range of Iranian Kurdistan (left) ….while the other is in Swat (right). The latter was formerly a Hindu holy place, and is thought to be a possible site for the fabled Rock of Aornos, associated with Alexander’s dramatic siege of Bazira.
The Assyrian deity Shulmanu could well not only underlie the term “Shalman” but also Solomon (Sulaiman) itself — and thus it could also explain the persistent connection between “Sulaimani” and “Shalmani”.
Map showing the location of Shalman city in Iran.
British colonial scholars and government publications referred to the Shalmanis as Tajiks. (Imperial Gazetteer of the NWFP — 1908).
Another British colonial characterisation of the Shalmanis as Dehqans (“A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and NWFP, Vol. 2, H.A. Rose, et al [1911]).
Major H.G. Raverty describes the Shalmanis in his famous translation of the epic work “Tabaqat-i-Naseri” (P. 1043)
Al-Beruni refers to the Sulaiman Mountain range 1000 years ago as the “Shamelan Mountains” . Shamelan is regarded as a variant/corruption of Shalman — and the name is likely to have changed to Sulaiman with the arrival here of Islam. (Al-Beruni, “Kitab-ul-Hind”, P. 207 [original manuscript] op cit., Jamil Yousafzai “Mumlikat-e-Yousafzai kay Qabail” [2016], P. 20).
US author on Pathans (Pashtuns) James W. Spain refers to the historic region of KP, named till recently as “Ghabaristan” (Gabristan) in his famous book “Pathan Borderland” [1953].
This picture of excepts from British colonial literature indicates the absorption by the Mohmands of the Shalmanis — and their Pashtunisation. (R.T.I Ridgeway, PATHANS: Handbook For the Indian Army, P. 241).The image below it illustrates a typically ignorant comment regarding the Shalmanis, in which the ill-informed Victorian British writer makes a classic mistake — of presuming “Dehqan” to be Turkic, or Indian! It is a known fact that Dehqan is a term of Assyrian origin which applied to the landowning nobility of Sasanian Persia.

REFERENCES AND LINKS

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Scholar, Historian, Ethnologist, Philosopher, Activist.

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Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Akhundzada Arif Hasan Khan

Scholar, Historian, Ethnologist, Philosopher, Activist.

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